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Nursing: Integrative Reviews

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What is an Integrative Review?

Integrative reviews summarize literature about a healthcare problem or phenomenon, potentially utilizing both empirical (both quantitative and qualitative) and theoretical literature. These are particularly popular in nursing research literature.

Purpose - Critical analysis of empirical, methodological, or theoretical literature, which draws attention to future research needs.

Methods

  • Two or more reviewers and librarian involvement recommended for rigor, especially if you plan to publish the review
  • Expected timeline – 6-12 months
  • Use of a systematic search methodology that can be replicated
  • Clearly stated eligibility (inclusion and exclusion) criteria for study selection
  • Inclusion of a search flow diagram (PRIMSA)
  • Critical appraisal
  • Data extraction
  • Narrative and/or thematic analysis with descriptive and qualitative synthesis (Toronto, 2020)

Resources to help you get started

Resources to get your started (and to cite in your own methods section):

Toronto, C. E., & Remington, R. (Eds.). (2020). A step-by-step guide to conducting an integrative reviewSpringer.

Dhollande S, Taylor A, Meyer S, Scott M. (2021). Conducting integrative reviews: a guide for novice nursing researchers. Journal of Research in Nursing, 26(5):427-438. doi: 10.1177/1744987121997907.

Grant, & Booth, A. (2009). A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 26(2), 91–108. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2009.00848.x

Whittemore, & Knafl, K. (2005). The integrative review: updated methodology. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 52(5), 546–553.

Additional Resources

Da Silva, Brandão, M. A. G., & Ferreira, M. de A. (2020). Integrative Review as a Method to Generate or to Test Nursing Theory. Nursing Science Quarterly, 33(3), 258–263. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894318420920602

Hopia, Latvala, E., & Liimatainen, L. (2016). Reviewing the methodology of an integrative review. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 30(4), 662–669. https://doi.org/10.1111/scs.12327

Westlake. (2012). Practical Tips for Literature Synthesis. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 26(5), 244–249. https://doi.org/10.1097/NUR.0b013e318263d766

Example Integrated Review Articles

Lerret. (2009). Discharge Readiness: An Integrative Review Focusing on Discharge Following Pediatric Hospitalization. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing, 14(4), 245–255. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6155.2009.00205.x

Luckett, T., et al. (2014). “Advance Care Planning for Adults With CKD: A Systematic Integrative Review.” American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 63(5): 761–70, https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2013.12.007.

Silva, Tavares, N. V. da S., Alexandre, A. R. G., Freitas, D. A., Brêda, M. Z., Albuquerque, M. C. D. S. de, & Melo, V. L. de N. (2015). Depression and suicide risk among nursing professionals: an integrative review. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P, 49(6), 1027–1031. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420150000600020

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